“No, Madam, your home is not in a tense zone! You have three months’ notice ” ????
But what is a tense zone and what consequences does it have on the rental?
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The Glossary of the service-public.fr website gives us the definition of the Tense Area. It consists of “municipalities characterized by a significant imbalance between the supply of and demand for housing, resulting in difficulties in accessing housing in the existing residential stock”.
The Non-Tense Areas are therefore all the other communes.
You can find out if your municipality is in a tense area of the real estate market by going to the website: https://www.service-public.fr/simulateur/calcul/zones-tendues
By entering your municipality in the simulator, you will know in which zone it is located.
What are the consequences for renting?
The fact that a property is in a tense zone or not has consequences on the rental and in particular on the length of the notice period. We will not mention here the Civil Code contracts which are not subject to a specific regulation.
In a Tense Zone
If your municipality is in an area where the real estate market is under pressure, the notice period will be one month. And this is true regardless of the reason for your departure, and whether your apartment is furnished or unfurnished.
This will also potentially have consequences on the rent. Indeed, you will have to respect the rules of the rent control and will be subject to the Tax on Vacant Dwellings (TLV) as a landlord.
In a Non Tense Zone
If your municipality is not in a tense area, the notice period will be three months for an empty apartment and one month for a furnished apartment. In these two cases, it is not necessary to give reasons for leaving in the notice letter.
However, the notice period may be reduced to one month in the following cases:
- you obtain social housing
- you receive the RSA or the disabled adult allowance (AAH)
- if your health condition justifies a change of residence
- or for obtaining a first job
- also in the case of job loss (not resignation)
- or finally in the case of a professional transfer (at the initiative of the employee or the employer / not subject to any condition of geographical distance)
In the cases mentioned above, on the other hand, you must specify and justify the reason for the leave in the termination letter.
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